Historical Museums in Genesee County, New York

Saturday, October 29, 2022 0
Historical Museums in Genesee County, New York

Genesee County, New York, is rich in American history. The county is home to twelve historical museums, which are great places to learn about how things were done and how people lived in these communities in the past.

You do not need to visit large history museums in cities to learn about American history. Genesee County's historical places throw some insight into the history and history of each town. Come visit these locations in Genesee County to see history be brought to life!

The museum itself is a neat place as it was originally an one-room school house. When you walk into the museum, you can see the big windows and high ceilings and wonder about the children and the education that went on in the building. Through the artifacts you will discover that Alabama used to have three gun manufacturers in its small town. There was a prominent citizen named Dr. Grant Neal, who’s buggy is displayed at the museum. Part of the original Basom post office is also on display. Some visitors may appreciate the museum's historic posters of "horse auctions" and old-time carnivals to be intriguing cultural records and reminders of just how society used to be. A Christmas party invite from 1856 for a party in Alabama is just one object that remains relevant to today.

The Alexander Museum is located on the third floor of Alexander's Town Hall (the United States' only three-story cobblestone town hall). Bring your camera because the building by itself is worth a visit and offers very intriguing shots. An antique phone, record players, and typewriter are among the objects on show which remain important in today's environment, and are essentially now all part of our smartphones. Younger people these days  would be perplexed by the methods we had used to communicate. It's fun to look at the items in a tools area and try to figure out what they're used for. The museum's expansive open space is packed with its unique collection. The is a lot to take in at the museum, from farm tools to old record players and everything in between.

The Bergen Museum is absolutely one-of-a-kind. The museum is located in downtown Bergen at the historic 1880 Hartford Hotels Livery Stables. The building was converted into a charming and excellent museum. Inside the old barn, there are a few excellent life-size scenes showing a blacksmith shop, a general store, a schoolroom, and other scenes. The exhibitions' purpose is to allow the items convey their story. You truly get a feeling of how it was to go shopping, learn in school, or visit the neighborhood pharmacy. People's imaginations are captured by wartime posters in a local military exhibit. Volunteers from the museum built the beautifully designed scenes.

This museum is housed in an old church next to an old cemetery. The historic German Lutheran church's sanctuary is filled with numerous artifacts, including a large amount of clothes and textiles. Individuals who are interested in fashion or clothing will appreciate seeing what people wore a century ago. Photos and yearbooks from South Byron High School are also at the museum. A big annex behind the church is devoted to objects characteristic of a farming community. There is also old signage for former businesses and community signs in the annex.

The Elba Museum houses an excellent collection spread across three buildings: a museum, a historic 1842 house, and a recreated barn. The museum is loaded with Elba-related items. A tribute to the high school, along with a cheerleader uniform, was a unique touch. The 1842 house is right next door to the museum building. The house is well-kept and provides an insight into life before telephones, microwaves, computers, and other modern conveniences and technology. You can easily understand how people used to live their lives. Head over to the barn to witness how hard work was done around 150 years ago. The barn is packed with unique historical items and equipment.

The LeRoy Historical Society operates two separate museums within the same property in LeRoy. The Jell-O Gallery and the Historic LeRoy House are separated by the "Jell-O Brick Road," a small garden.

Learn the excellent story of America's Most Famous Desert, which was invented in LeRoy in 1897. The museum pays homage to the evolution of Jell-O as a brand and its place in everyday American life. There are numerous examples of how Jell-O promoted their product through clever marketing and merchandising tactics. The museum also has an excellent gift shop.

A little transportation museum, harkening to the times when people traveled by buggy or sled, is located in the basement of the Jell-O Gallery. It's a modest yet lovely collection that traces the growth of modern transportation.

The Historic Leroy House, erected in 1822 as a home for Jacob Leroy, a successful land agent, houses over a century of local history. The museum has three floors that are open to the public and are loaded with fascinating objects from the past. A highlight is an exhibit commemorating Leroy's Ingram University, which was established in 1837 and was the first institution to award women a four-year degree, as well as an exhibit honoring agricultural pioneer Calvin Keeney. The kitchen in the house recalls how meals were prepared and served a century ago.

Holland Land Office Museum, 131 West Main Street, Batavia, NY (585) 343-4727

The Holland Land Office Museum, housed in a stone building constructed in 1810, houses hundreds of objects from Western New York's history. Batavia is known as the "birthplace of Western New York" since the Holland Land Office was responsible for the sale and allocation of over 3.3 million acres of land. The Medal of Honor awarded to Batavian Charles F. Rand, the very first soldier in the country to volunteer for the Civil War, is on display inside the museum. The museum displays an authentic gibbet which was used to perform hangings, the last of which took place in 1881. Throughout the year, the Holland Land Office Museum hosts a variety of educational and social events. The museum is also located right next to the Batavia International Peace Garden.

Oakfield Historical Museum, 7 Maple Avenue, Oakfield, NY (585) 948-5901

The two-story house museum in Oakfield has several really interesting details. It provides an excellent job of informing tourists about the significance of gypsum mining in Oakfield. Numerous pictures and mining machinery reflect the history of significant gypsum mining in the town. Another representation at the museum is the Native American influence on the town and area which once stood a Seneca fort, village and  mounds. A very impressive collection of arrowheads (gathered from the surrounding area) that alone is worth the trip. The Oakfield Historical Museum is unique in that they print their own publications about local history, that are available for purchase.

Pembroke Museum, 1145 Main Road, Corfu, NY (585) 599-4892 ext. 9

This small museum can be found on Route 5 within the Town of Pembroke Town Offices. Items from the town's past post offices are all on exhibit, reminding us of the way people used to deliver messages and other communications. One area is dedicated to the local fire department, where you'll discover how they used to fight fires with glass water grenades over a century earlier. Civil War enthusiasts will appreciate seeing a soldier's hat and ammunition. Pembroke's military history is also displayed prominently.

Stafford Museum of History, 8903 Route 237, Stafford, NY (585) 343-1928

The Stafford Museum of History, which is connected to the Town of Stafford Town Hall, was constructed in 2004. The museum is one huge room with very well-presented artifacts in attractive display cases and information panels. This museum does not try to show you everything, but rather the excellent representations of early settlement life in Western New York. Visitors will also enjoy viewing the Morganville Pottery collection. A style of pottery with a characteristic reddish hue was produced in the nearby hamlet of Morganville (from the local excavated clay). Check out the museum's little gift shop on your way out.

Tonawanda Indian Reservation Historical Society, 372 Bloomingdale Road, Akron, NY (585) 542-2481

The Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians' heritage is celebrated throughout the Tonawanda Indian Community House's hallways. The historical artifacts are presented all throughout the museum, therefore there is no particular museum room. The community house is open every day, so there are plenty of opportunities to visit and learn. Throughout the museum, large-scale photographs and illustrations showcase the Tonawanda Indian Reservation's history and heritage. Some of the lithographs tell the history of the tribe and the Seven Nations' history. On the second story, there is a piece of high reverence - a chief's headdress.

More Museums in Genesee County

Keweenaw Dark Sky Park: Majestic Stargazing Views in Michigan

Sunday, October 09, 2022 0
Keweenaw Dark Sky Park: Majestic Stargazing Views in Michigan

The Keweenaw Dark Sky Park is a Michigan state park that offers some of the most breathtaking nighttime views in the entire state. The park is located in the Keweenaw Peninsula, which is the northernmost point of Michigan. Expectedly, it offers a variety of activities for visitors to enjoy, including stargazing, night hiking, astrophotography and much more. So whether you’re a seasoned stargazer or a first-time visitor, the Keweenaw Dark Sky Park is a must-see destination.

Over two years ago, the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge began preparing for its application process to become an International Dark Sky Park.

According to the International Dark Sky Association, a Dark Sky Park is a land possessing an exceptional or distinguished quality of starry nights and a nocturnal specifically protected for its scientific, natural, educational, cultural heritage, and public enjoyment. 

And this week, the Keweenaw Dark Sky Park has officially been designated as an International Dark Sky Park by the IDA. This makes it the third International Dark Sky Park in Michigan, and the first in the  Upper Peninsula.

Today, the Keweenaw Peninsula is known for its natural beauty and recreational opportunities. The area is home to a number of state parks, as well as several historic sites and museums that showcase the region's rich history.

More Information:

Keweenaw Peninsula History

https://www.darksky.org/our-work/conservation/idsp/parks/keweenaw-dark-sky-park-michigan-u-s/ The Keweenaw Dark Sky Park is located at the top of the Keweenaw Peninsula in Michigan

https://www.michigan.org/darksky - When night falls and Michigan’s breathtaking views fade into the darkness, the skyscape opens to one of the greatest star shows in the continental United States.

Lodge EC1D43 3 Quart Cast Iron Dutch Oven

Monday, September 26, 2022 0
Lodge EC1D43 3 Quart Cast Iron Dutch Oven

If you're looking for a classic, top quality, reliable Dutch oven that will help you prepare delicious meals, the Lodge EC1D43 is a great option. This enameled cast iron oven is durable and long-lasting, so you can enjoy it for years to come.

Lodge EC1D43 Cast Iron Dutch Oven
The Lodge EC1D43 3 Quart Cast Iron Dutch Oven is a durable and versatile cooking pot that can be used on a variety of cooking surfaces, including induction, gas, electric, and even in the oven or over an open flame.

This Dutch oven is made of high-quality cast iron, which is known for its even heat distribution and retention. It features a tight-fitting lid that helps to lock in moisture and flavors, and also has a stainless steel knob on the top that is oven safe up to 500°F.

The interior of the Dutch oven is coated with Lodge's proprietary enamel, which is both durable and easy to clean. The enamel coating also prevents food from sticking and helps to prevent rusting, which is a common problem with bare cast iron cookware.

The Lodge EC1D43 3 Quart Cast Iron Dutch Oven has a capacity of 3 quarts, which is perfect for cooking small to medium-sized meals. It measures 9.5 inches in diameter and 3.75 inches in height, making it compact enough to store easily in a cabinet or on a shelf.

Overall, the Lodge EC1D43 3 Quart Cast Iron Dutch Oven is a high-quality and versatile cooking pot that is ideal for a wide range of cooking applications, from soups and stews to roasts and casseroles. It is built to last for years and is backed by Lodge's lifetime warranty.

Learn More, including reading customer reviews, by clicking here

The Confederate Rose: A Symbol of Beauty and Resilience

Friday, September 09, 2022 0
The Confederate Rose: A Symbol of Beauty and Resilience

Confederate Rose (Hibiscus mutabilis) is a flowering plant native to China and is also commonly known as the Cotton Rosemallow, Dixie Hibiscus, or Cotton Rose. It is a member of the Malvaceae family and is grown for its beautiful flowers, which change color throughout the day.

The Confederate Rose is a deciduous shrub or small tree that can grow up to 15 feet tall. It has large, showy flowers that range in color from white to pink to deep red. The flowers are typically 4-6 inches in diameter and have a crepe-paper like texture. They bloom in late summer to early fall, and the plant can produce flowers for several months.

One interesting feature of the Confederate Rose is that the flowers change color throughout the day. They start off white in the morning, turn pink in the afternoon, and then become deep red by evening. This is due to a natural process called "chromatophore expansion," which causes the pigments in the flowers to shift as the day progresses.

The Confederate Rose is a hardy plant that is easy to grow in a variety of soil types and climates. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. It is also drought-tolerant and can withstand high temperatures.

While the Confederate Rose is a beautiful and popular garden plant, it has also been associated with controversy due to its name and connection to the Confederate States of America. Some people have chosen to rename the plant to Cotton Rosemallow or Dixie Hibiscus in order to distance it from its Confederate connotations.

How to Care for a Confederate Rose

Here are some general care guidelines for a Confederate Rose:

Sunlight: Confederate Roses prefer full sun to partial shade, so try to plant them in a location that receives at least six hours of sunlight per day.

Watering: Confederate Roses are relatively drought-tolerant, but they will benefit from regular watering during dry periods. Make sure the soil is moist but not waterlogged.

Soil: These plants are adaptable and can grow in a variety of soil types, but they prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter.

Fertilizer: You can fertilize your Confederate Rose once or twice a year with a balanced fertilizer. Avoid fertilizing in late summer or fall, as this can encourage new growth that may be damaged by frost.

Pruning: You can prune your Confederate Rose in late winter or early spring to remove any dead or damaged branches and to promote bushier growth. You can also shape the plant to your desired size and shape.

Winter protection: Confederate Roses are hardy in USDA zones 7-9, but they may need some winter protection in colder climates. You can mulch around the base of the plant to protect the roots, and you can also cover the plant with a frost cloth or burlap if there is a risk of frost.

Pests and diseases: Confederate Roses are relatively pest and disease-resistant, but they can be susceptible to spider mites, aphids, and whiteflies. You can use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control these pests. If you notice any signs of fungal disease, such as black spots on the leaves, you can treat the plant with a fungicide.

Overall, Confederate Roses are relatively low-maintenance plants that can add a beautiful splash of color to your garden in late summer and fall.

The Confederate Rose in Pop Culture and Art

The Confederate Rose has been featured in various works of art and popular culture, both in the United States and around the world.

In literature, the Confederate Rose is mentioned in several novels, including "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee and "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn" by Betty Smith. In these novels, the plant is used as a symbol of resilience and adaptability in difficult circumstances.

In music, the Confederate Rose has been referenced in several songs, including "Confederate Rose" by Waylon Jennings and "Confederate Rose" by the country music duo The Bellamy Brothers. These songs often use the plant as a metaphor for the enduring spirit of the South.

The Confederate Rose has also been depicted in various works of visual art. The artist Georgia O'Keeffe painted a series of watercolor paintings featuring the plant, which are now part of the collection at the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The plant has also been featured in the work of other artists, such as James Michalopoulos and Andrei Protsouk.

In addition, the Confederate Rose has been used as a symbol in various Confederate-themed products, such as flags, t-shirts, and other merchandise. However, this association with the Confederacy has been controversial and has led some people to distance themselves from the plant's original name.

Meaning of the Confederate Rose

The meaning of the Confederate Rose has evolved over time and can vary depending on cultural and regional contexts. Originally native to China, the Confederate Rose was brought to the United States in the 18th century and was widely cultivated in the southern states, where it became associated with the Confederacy during the American Civil War.

For some people, the Confederate Rose symbolizes the resilience and endurance of the South during a difficult period of history. The plant's ability to change colors throughout the day has also been seen as a metaphor for the shifting fortunes of the Confederacy during the war.

However, for others, the Confederate Rose is a controversial symbol due to its association with the Confederate States of America and the history of slavery and racism in the United States. Some people have chosen to distance themselves from the plant's original name and instead refer to it as the Cotton Rosemallow or Dixie Hibiscus.

Overall, the meaning of the Confederate Rose can be interpreted in different ways depending on individual perspectives and cultural contexts.

If you would like to get some Confederate Rose plants of your own, click here

How to Choose the Perfect Stained Glass Table Lamp For Your Home

Saturday, September 03, 2022 0
How to Choose the Perfect Stained Glass Table Lamp For Your Home

Stained glass table lamps add appealing lighting elements to your home or any room within it. One that enhances the ambiance of your home, whether in the living room or the bedroom. They will undoubtedly enhance and bring out the mood of any space in your home with the correct arrangement and lamp. Stained glass table lamps have long been a popular choice among interior designers and homeowners.

Stained glass table lamps are also available in an almost limitless variety of colors, styles, and preferences in many stores that sell them, particularly online. If you are looking for these types of table lamps, it is best to be familiar with their characteristics, benefits, and wide range of options.

Stained Glass Table Lamps Come in a Variety of Styles

Stained glass table lamps are available for purchase in a variety of locations and are popular with people all over the world. Here are some types of stained glass table lamps to help you decide:

  • Stained Glass Tiffany Lamps These are one-of-a-kind stained glass fixtures inspired by American classical designs. These Tiffany lamps will bring a timeless touch of elegance to any room in your house. These lamps are made of iridescent and hand-cut art glass, with signature looks that include geometric patterns and even beautiful floral designs. Tiffany stained glass table lamps are ideal for adding ambiance to home decor. They are frequently available in other styles, such as accent and floor lamps.

  • Vintage Desk and Table Lamps Vintage appearances, patterns, and styles continue to be incredibly popular among people trying to improve the interior spaces of their homes. There are numerous vintage designs to pick from when it comes to selecting certain antique designs. They are available in a variety of designs and styles ranging from the elegant to the understated and everything in between.

  • Peacock Stained Glass Table Lamps The “Peacock” stained glass lamps have been a favorite motif of Tiffany. These lamps are usually made of bronze or glass lamp materials. They are also commonly available in vivid colors of peacock feathers blended with various color tones to create an attractive appearance.

Dragonfly Lamp by Clara Driscoll for Tiffany Studios, circa 1910, leaded glass and bronze, Dayton Art Institute

Where Can I Purchase These Stained Glass Table Lamps?

If you're looking for a stained glass table lamp with the best prices, online is usually the best place to look. Yard and garage sales are a close second. Although these types of lamps are uncommon at yard sales. You should also be able to find them in local retailers.

Online, you can find a bigger range of styles and selections, as well as a greater variety of lamps. At the same moment, you will receive important information such as the price, discount (if applicable), user reviews, and more.

Why Should You Buy a Stained Glass Table Lamp?

Stained glass table lamps are popular among creative homeowners for a variety of reasons. The most obvious explanation is that these goods assist them in achieving a distinct appearance, elegance, and attractiveness that will last. A stained glass lamp is also something you may pass down through your family if you so desire.

Depending on the type of stained glass lamp and where you purchase it, you may also be able to enjoy significant savings (or discounts) and hassle-free delivery. More information and customer reviews can be found by clicking any of the links above.

Why Floating Solar Panels Are The 'Wave' Of The Future

Monday, August 22, 2022 0
Why Floating Solar Panels Are The 'Wave' Of The Future

As the world looks for ways to reduce its reliance on fossil fuels and move towards renewable energy sources, solar power has emerged as one of the most promising options. Solar panels have been installed on rooftops and in fields for years, but there is a new application for this technology that is taking the world by storm: floating solar panels.

Floating solar panels are not just a novel way to generate renewable energy – they also come with a host of other benefits. For example, they can be used to provide shade and cooling for reservoirs, which can help to reduce evaporation. They can also be used to generate power in remote locations where it is not possible to install traditional ground-mounted solar panels.

Floating Solar Panel Electricity Production

Solar panels installed on a structure that floats on a body of water, often a reservoir or a lake, are referred to as floating solar or floating photovoltaics.

Since 2016, the market for this renewable energy method has expanded fast. Throughout 2007 to 2013, the very first 20 plants with capacity of around a dozen kWp were constructed. In 2020, produced power reached 3 GW, with 10 GW anticipated by 2025.

The price of a floating installation is 20-25% greater than the cost of a land installation.

Positives of Floating Solar Panel Installations and related electricity production

The fundamental advantage of floating photovoltaic systems is the fact that they not require any land, aside from the small areas required for the electric cabinet and grid hookups. Their cost is equivalent to that of land-based systems, however floating photovoltaic systems offer an excellent option for reducing land consumption.

Floating photovoltaic power systems are much more streamlined than land-based systems, have simpler management, and thus are easier to build and dismantle. The significant aspect is that there aren't permanent structures, such as those used for land-based plants. Therefore, the installation is completely reversible.

Water conservation and water quality is improved by the solar panels partially covering water bodies. This benefit is influenced by both the climate and the amount of the covered surface.

Cooling the floating structure is basic. Environmental cooling can be maximized by having put a water layer on the photovoltaic modules or by having them in the water. Which, in turn, can increase the amount of electricity generated.

The platforms can be rotated both horizontally and vertically to follow the sun. Moving photovoltaic panels need minimal power as well as no sophisticated mechanical equipment. The cost of outfitting a floating photovoltaic plant with such a system is minimal.

Algal blooms, a severe concern in developed nations, may be decreased. The partial basin coverage and light reduction of the panels may reduce the growth of algal blooms. 

In conclusion, floating solar panels are an innovative and sustainable way to generate energy. They have a number of advantages over traditional ground-mounted solar panels, easier installation, and less environmental impact. Gloating solar panels offer a promising solution for the future of energy production.

The Alarming Effects of Light Pollution on Trees and What You Can Do To Help

Tuesday, August 09, 2022 0
The Alarming Effects of Light Pollution on Trees and What You Can Do To Help

It is no secret that pollution, including light pollution, is one of the most pressing environmental issues of our time. But what many people don't realize is that this pollution doesn't just impact our own health and quality of life - it also takes a toll on the natural world. Trees are particularly vulnerable to the effects of light pollution, and this can lead to a host of problems for both the trees themselves and the ecosystems they support.

In this blog post, we'll take a look at some of the ways light pollution affects trees, from interfering with their natural growth cycles to making them more susceptible to disease. We'll also explore what can be done to mitigate the effects of light pollution on trees and help protect our planet's precious green spaces.

How to minimize the impact that light pollution has trees

In modern society, light pollution has become a big problem. It has detrimental effects on our environment, especially trees, as well as our ability to appreciate the sky at night. We'll look at how light pollution harms trees and what we can do to mitigate those effects.

Effects of light pollution on trees

Light pollution can harm trees in a variety of ways including by disrupting photosynthesis, interfering with the tree's natural cycle regarding day and night, and attracting pests. Plants use the process of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide into food. A tree's growth may be stunted if this process is hindered. Trees can also be harmed by altering their natural day/night cycle since it throws off their biological clocks and hinders them from getting the required amount of rest. Furthermore, light pollution can bring pests like beetles and moths, which can damage trees even more by laying their eggs on their leaves.

Light pollution's risks to trees

Even though light pollution's effects on trees may appear to be very minimal, they can have a long-term negative impact on both the health of particular trees and entire ecosystems. Light pollution has been demonstrated in some instances to entirely destroy young seedlings. In some instances, it can make mature trees more prone to illness and pests. Moreover, insects drawn to artificial lighting frequently escape from their natural predators, causing population imbalances that can disrupt entire ecosystems.

How to reduce the harm light pollution does to trees.

Using reflective materials like mirrors or aluminum foil to deflect stray light away from trees is another method of reducing light pollution's effect on trees. If a mirror is positioned behind an outdoor lighting fixture, for instance, the light will obviously be reflected back toward the fixture rather than out into the surroundings. This can still give the area enough illumination while assisting in reducing glare and sky glow. Similar methods can also be done with aluminum foil, which should only be used as a last resort because it is not as effective as a mirror.

In the modern world, light pollution is becoming a greater problem. As a result of the numerous negative effects that excessive artificial light has on trees, they are just one of the many victims of light pollution. While light pollution can have negative impacts on trees, there are also measures to lessen these effects and shield trees from further harm.

We can lessen the detrimental effects of light pollution on trees by growing them in appropriate places, utilizing light-colored mulch, and using reflective materials. Additionally, finding long-term remedies depends on increasing awareness of this problem. To preserve our environment and its natural riches, we must continue to take part in preserving the night.

Blackfeet Star Stories - Story of Scar-Face (Poia)

Thursday, July 07, 2022 0
Blackfeet Star Stories - Story of Scar-Face (Poia)

Listen, for now comes one of the many stories told of Scar-Face.

Once there lived a girl who was kind and beautiful. Many young men wanted to marry her, but one by one she turned them away. This concerned her mother and father, and they asked, why will you not marry any of these young men? They are fine young men. The girl explained that Natosi, Sun, had once visited her and told her she could not marry anyone for she belonged only to him.

Her parents accepted her explanation and no more was said to her. Even so, young men still asked to marry. Now in that same place lived a young man whose body was strong and pleasing. He would have been handsome were it not for a terrible scar on his face. 

His name was Poia, Scarface. Scarface was an orphan. Having no one, he grew up going from one family to another for food and clothing. But all his life he cried, for always there were people who laughed at him and made fun of his scarred face and the fact that he was pitiful. 

One day the young men in the camp were making fun of him and one said, Scarface, the girl has refused to marry us but you are so handsome. You should ask her to marry you. And since you are so rich, said another, she will certainly choose to marry you. And then they all laughed.

Scarface went off by himself. He had seen the girl many times, and he had come to love her. He decided to go to the girl, profess his love, and asked her to marry him. He found the girl standing by a stream. I am Scarface, he said. I am poor and ugly, but I am a good person. I love you and I want to marry you. And to his amazement, the girl said, I care not if you are poor, I will marry you, but first you must go to Sun and ask permission to marry me. Ask Sun to remove the scar as a sign that we truly have his blessing.

Esopus Munsee Winter Customs - Deep Snow Moon and The Story of the Celestial Bear

Friday, June 10, 2022 0
Esopus Munsee Winter Customs - Deep Snow Moon and The Story of the Celestial Bear

Esophus Munsee

Since time immemorial, the land on which historic Huguenot Street sits today was home to Esopus Munsee people and their Lenape ancestors. Long before any stone houses were built here, indigenous families lived in circular dwellings made of plant materials, primarily saplings and bark. These homes were called wigwams and looked similar to the replica that stands today on the lawn of the DuBois Fort Visitor Center.

The Esopus Munsee people spoke a Munsee dialect of the Lenape language. Lenape is one of the languages of the East Algonquin subgroup of the Algonquin language family. This map indicates some of the Indigenous territories and different languages that were spoken in what is now New York State and the surrounding region.

Efforts are being made today to preserve and teach the Lenape language.



Munsee / Munsey - "people of a stone country.". (Minassiniu, Minisink, Minsi, Moncy, Monthey, Mundook, Muncey, Munsi, Muncie).

Four groups of this division were sometimes called together (Esopus, Espachomy) : Catskill, Momekotiny, Waranawonkong, Wawarsink

Culturally, the Mansi stood apart and until the last century were often considered an independent tribe. The term appears in sources in the 18th century.

The Passamaquoddy: A People Reborn Short Documentary

Wednesday, April 27, 2022 0
The Passamaquoddy: A People Reborn Short Documentary

The Passamaquoddy

In the early 1960s the Passamaquoddy tribe was at an all time low, but they were about to begin a two decade battle with the State of Maine which would forever change themselves, their relationship between the United States Government, and all Native American tribes.

Its conclusion would bring a new wealth, and a new pride to the native peoples of Maine.

But with it came unexpected troubles and dissension which struck to the heart of what it means to be Indian.

Preceding these events, in the late 18th century, Congress created the Nonintercourse Act, declaring that any transfer of land from Indians to non-Indians had to be approved by Congress.

Between 1794 and 1833, title to most of the land of the Passamaquoddy was transferred o the state of Maine and individuals. Those transfers, encompassing two-thirds of the state of Maine, were never approved by the U.S. Congress, and were therefore illegitimate.

This was the foundation for the Maine Indian Land Claims Case of 1980. 

Before the Claims settlement, the conditions on the Maine reservations were poor. The houses were small and wooden, with little to no insulation, leaky roofs, and bare floors.

In the sixties, 85% of the houses had no toilets or plumbing.


The average annual family income is $3000, well below the national poverty level. Most members of the Passamaquoddy Tribe live on this 100 acre reservation on the Northeast coast of Maine. Here, an unemployment rate of 50% is a sign that things are getting better.

Intolerance for the tribal people and their culture was common in many areas of Maine, and over time, they grew used to the treatment. Discrimination was very regular. As a matter of fact it happened so regularly that we didn't even know that it was discrimination. One of the things about an oppressed people is they get so used to it they think it's normal. And you act a certain way accordingly, and you try to survive by saying that's the way it is.

So there was all of this going on, and the saddest part is that we went along with it because  we thought it was normal and the other thing is it was so hopeless that we thought we couldn't change it.

Indians were derided by whites, and treated with the same contemptuous nature that blacks in the South were suffering, although resident Whites blinded themselves to this. As Donald Hansen of the Kennebec Journal wrote in 1965, Maine folk can get pretty upset when a Negro in Mississippi has to move to the back of the bus and yet remain relatively indifferent when they learn that barbers refuse to cut the hair of a Passamaquoddy Indian.

Visit https://www.passamaquoddy.com


Chef Boyardee 1953 Spaghetti Dinner Kits Commercial

Sunday, April 03, 2022 0
Chef Boyardee 1953 Spaghetti Dinner Kits Commercial

Hello, may I come in?

I am Chef Boyardee. Perhaps you have seen my picture on Chef Boyardee products at you grocers?

Today I want to tell you about a wonderful dinner for three. A dinner that only costs about fifteen cents a serving. It's my own Chef Boyardee spaghetti dinner with meat sauce or mushroom sauce. It all comes in one carton. A full half pound of tender, quick cooking spaghetti, ten full ounces of rich, tasty sauce and to top it off, a whole can of simply grated cheese. A wonderful food.

So ask your grocer for Chef Boyardee spaghetti dinner with meat or mushroom sauce, won't you? And look for other Chef Boyardee's products. They're all so delicious but also nourishing, and they help keep the cost of your meals down.

Chef Boyardee products are at best grocer.

Ask for Chef Boyardee's spaghetti dinner. Only about 15 cents a serving.

Chef Boyardee

Here's a 1979 Chef Boyardee also starring Ettore Boiardi in his last appearance in Chef Boyardee commercials

Facts about Ettore Boiardi

He took a chef apprenticeship at a restaurant in Italy at the age of 11 but was mainly relegated to doing custodial tasks at the La Croce Bianca restaurant.. He later learned true restaurant skills in Paris and London prior to coming to the USA.

After his family arrived in the USA in 1914, he got a job as a cook at tony Plaza Hotel (where his brother also worked) and was eventually promoted to head chef.

He catered Woodrow Wilson's wedding banquet at the Greenbrier Resort in West Virginia.

The precursor to his idea for Chef Boyardee home meals was at his  Il Giardino d'Italia restaurant in Cleveland. He would package ingredients of pasta, cheese and his spaghetti sauce in milk bottles for restaurant patrons. From that, demand for his food "packages" became so great that, in 1928, he opened a small processing plant that soon became the home to Chef Boyardee products.




Battle of the Network Stars V - Robin Williams, William Shatner and Others - November 18th, 1978

Monday, February 28, 2022 0
Battle of the Network Stars V - Robin Williams, William Shatner and Others  -  November 18th, 1978

Battle of the Network Stars V - November 18th, 1978 

The majority of the Battle of the Network Stars competitions took place at Pepperdine University. With the exception of  Battle of the Network Stars XVIII, which took place in Ixtapa, Mexico.

Working with me this time around, a freshman at Pepperdine but the venerable statesman from the University of Southern California, my colleague on Monday Night Football, The Giffer.

I thought this was supposed to be fun? Captain Conrad's going nuts over there. He's firing up his team, it's incredible. You know, I've hosted the men's superstars on ABC and I almost have the same feeling here Howard and that is, well there's a lot of fun and there's a whole lot of happiness involved in it. They really are serious. These are really competitors. Now the captains along with Conrad, McLean Stevenson, Gabe Kaplan, they've had their teams out, secretly working out. So, we're in for a lot of fun, a lot of kicks. They all want to win.

Right you are Gif and as you can see from the past four battles, the ABC stars have won twice. CBS and NBC each have won one.

Now we're ready for the swimming competition.  That's the scene set, that Olympic sized swimming pool. Quickly the rules, 5 to each team. 2 on each team must be females. Each participant swims one lap. That's one width of the pool. 25 yards, but the anchorperson swims two widths of 50 yard. Winning team gets 100 points. Second place 75. Third place team 50. 

In lane introductions, the team of stars of NBC shows right there. Caskey Swaim. And in the number two spot, Pam Hensley, gives a little bit of luster. Then Bill Devane. Brianne Leary, who has the look of a competitor. And the anchorman is Joe Bottoms.

Then the team of stars on ABC. Leading off, Richard Hatch. The veteran of this competition, being on previously when he was in Streets of San Francisco. The number two spot for this team, Maren Jensen. Debby Boone is in the number three spot and then Robin Williams swimming in the 4th spot. The anchorman for this team is big Bob Urich. 

Now the team of stars from CBS shows. Leading off, that was Timmy Reid. Miss Charlene Tilton, number two. LeVar Burton, number three. Valerie Bertinelli is number four. The number five man is David Lettermen.

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