Akwesasne Notes Archive - Kahniakehaka Nation

Friday, August 17, 2018 0
Akwesasne Notes Archive - Kahniakehaka Nation
Some of the Akwesasne Notes are available for reading at the link below. They are a series of (albeit incomplete) archived articles that served, and still serves, as a voice of Indigenous Peoples.

As one source puts it:

Akwesasne Notes is a Journal for Native and Natural Peoples and has been known for the last 26 years as "the Voice of Indigenous Peoples."Akwesasne Notes is a news journal dedicated to reporting on the issues and concerns of Native Peoples. It is also dedicated to the presentation, preservation, perpetuation, and portrayal of Native cultures of the Americas and throughout the world.

"Akwesasne Notes" Subscription Information

Kahniakehaka Nation Akwesasne Mohawk Territory P.O.Box 366 via Roseveltown, NY 13683-0196 Phone (518) 358-3326 FAX (518) 358-3488 Subscription Information
Flag of the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne
 Flag of the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne
By Xasartha [CC BY-SA 3.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons

Life and Struggles in Louisiana in the 1930s

Saturday, August 04, 2018 0
Life and Struggles in Louisiana in the 1930s
Life in Louisiana, much like the rest of the United States, moved at a lot slower pace in the 30s than it does today. Yet, there were no shortages of troubles. The song by Alabama folk singer Vera Hall comes to mind.

The Great Depression was one of the largest troubles throughout most of the 1930s and affected economies worldwide. With Louisiana being a major agricultural state in the South, these economic problems led to the downfall of many farms. Especially those owned by poor whites and poor blacks alike. Prices of goods fell to all-time lows and many farmers couldn't afford to keep their farms. In turn, workers weren't able to get paid or had to settle for even lower wages at plantations or at other jobs. It was bad enough that many families in rural Louisiana already lived in poverty. The Great Depression made it far worse. As had the drought of 1930-1931 where many families had to apply to get aid from the American Red Cross. More on this can be read at http://www.knowlouisiana.org/entry/great-depression-in-louisiana

A poem by Langston Hughes, Let America Be America Again, was written during the time of the Great Depression. In it is a section that is an expression of how many citizens felt at the time. Especially in the Southern States where many working-class citizens were affected. Most of us have not learned about the details of this shared history but it was immigrants, more recent descendants of immigrants, descendants of slaves, Native Americans, and owners of small farms who were mainly affected. This while larger farms (wealthy plantations) in the South thrived due to the cheaper labor and other factors. They proudly took advantage of the economic troubles to the detriment of nearly everyone else. See: Were there successful farming plantations during the Great Depression?

"I am the poor white, fooled and pushed apart,
I am the Negro bearing slavery’s scars.
I am the red man driven from the land,
I am the immigrant clutching the hope I seek--
And finding only the same old stupid plan
Of dog eat dog, of mighty crush the weak."

Those who were just scraping by before the Great Depression, many of them felt the brunt of the blow of economic troubles. Yet they persevered. Many of these photos display the strong character of those days and of the past. Which was not only a trait of Louisiana but also of Americans from other states and walks of life during the Great Depression.

Florestine Carson, unemployed Creole Negro trapper, and daughter, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana.
By Ben Shahn (FSA photo by Ben Shahn via [1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Citizenship Class in the Hungarian Settlement in Livingston Parish Louisiana
Citizenship Class in the Hungarian Settlement in Livingston Parish Louisiana - Albany, Louisiana
By Uncredited photographer for the WPA (Works Progress Administration photo via [1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

1936; Works Progress Administration night school for African Americans in the town of Kenner, Jefferson Parish
By Uncredited WPA photographer (Works Progress Administration photo, via [1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

"Negro school, Destrehan, Louisiana", September 1938
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Zydeco players Louisiana 1938
Musicians playing accordion and washboard in front of a store, near New Iberia, Louisiana. November 1938
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

WPA work repaving and widening on St. Claude Avenue, view at the corner of Mandeville Street, with St. Claude
By Uncredited Works Progress Administration photographer (WPA photo via [1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

New Roads Louisiana 1938 Negro Section by Russell Lee
New Roads Louisiana in 1938. Looking across the railroad tracks into the African American section of New Roads, Louisiana. Store sign reads: Felix Fazenda Fine Wines and Liquors. Morning Treat. Signs also for Jax beer, RC Cola, and the Cresent Saloon.
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

An image of musician Cléoma Breaux with her husband Joe Falcon
See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

African American musicians playing guitars on St. Joseph's Day Night,St. Joseph's Day is the traditional post-Mardi Gras last gathering of the season for the "Mardi Gras Indians" organizations.
By Unnamed WPA photographer (WPA photo via [1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Young woman with umbrella, Louisiana, July 1937
Dorothea Lange [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

FERA New Orleans 1935 Looking
Men standing on the sidewalk outside Federal Emergency Relief Administration office. October 1935
Location seems to be S. Claiborne Avenue between Washington Avenue and 4th Street, on the lakewards side of the street.
By Ben Shahn [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Spiritual Meeting at Father Treadwells Church NOLA
Spiritual meeting at Father Treadwell's Church in New Orleans Louisiana in the 1930s. Church of God in Christ. Rev. Lucien H. Treadwell, Pastor.
By Unnamed WPA photographer (Works Progress Administration photograph via [1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Three Creole Girls, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, October 1935
By Ben Shahn [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Men talking on a porch of a small store near Jeanerette, Louisiana. October 1938. Iberia Parish, Louisiana
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Raceland Louisiana Beer Drinkers Russell Lee
Drinking at beer the bar, Raceland, Louisiana. September 1938
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Two Boys Leaning on Fence Donaldsonville LA 1938
Two boys leaning on fence watching parade, state fair, Donaldsonville, Louisiana, November 1938
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Men in cooperative general store. Transylvania, Louisiana, January 1939
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Mother teaching children numbers and alphabet in the home of a sharecropper. Transylvania, Louisiana. January 1939
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Mardi Gras Clowns in New Orleans Louisiana in 1936
New Orleans Mardi Gras, 1936. 3 street costumers dressed as clowns.
By Unnamed WPA photographer (WPA photo via [1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Conquian Players Louisiana 1938
2 African American men sitting playing Conquian (card game), September 1938.
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Dancing at bar in Raceland, Louisiana, September 1938.
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Steel guitarist at microphone, Cajun band contest, National Rice Festival, Crowley Louisiana, October 1938
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Literacy class at the Parish Prison, New Orleans. February 16, 1937
By Uncredited WPA photographer (WPA photo via [1] # 17.33) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Photograph of WPA Education — Radio Class, Magnolia School, 2246 Carondelet Street, New Orleans. January 18, 1937
By Works Progress Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Trumpet players with WPA band, New Orleans, November 30, 1937
By Uncredited photographer for the Works Progress Administration, a U.S. Federal Government agency. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Children on parade float with the inscription "Rice Is King", National Rice Festival, Crowley, Louisiana., October 1938.
By Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Musicians in Cajun band contest, National Rice Festival, Crowley, Louisiana. October 1938
By Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Street dancing, National Rice Festival, Crowley Louisiana, October 1938
Russell Lee [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

A store with live fish for sale, vicinity of Natchitoches, La. LCCN2017877474
A store with live fish for sale, vicinity of Natchitoches, Louisiana. 1939
By Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990, photographer [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

A cross roads store, bar, "juke joint," and gas station in the cotton plantation area, Melrose, La. LCCN2017877468
Title: A cross roads store, bar, "juke joint," and gas station in the cotton plantation area, Melrose, Louisiana. 1939
By Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990, photographer [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Tree Sitters Block Bayou Bridge Pipeline Construction in Atchafalaya Basin

Monday, July 23, 2018 0
Tree Sitters Block Bayou Bridge Pipeline Construction in Atchafalaya Basin
ATCHAFALAYA NATIONAL HERITAGE AREA, LA: Water protectors living high in the canopy of old growth cypress trees brought construction on the Bayou Bridge pipeline to a halt earlier today in the Atchafalaya Basin, the largest swamp in North America.

The action – known as a tree sit– was initiated to amplify pleas from Louisiana residents who have begged their local elected officials to protect these ancient trees from destruction by the pipeline company and to provide an evacuation route for the predominantly African American St. James community, which sits at the tail end of the 163-mile Energy Transfer Partners project.

The Bayou Bridge Pipeline

The Bayou Bridge Pipeline (BBP) would impact numerous communities across Southern Louisiana. The pipeline would lead to more fracking for oil in the shale fields of North Dakota and further the global dependence on climate change-causing fossil fuels.


Satellites Investigate Irrigation in a Stressed Aquifer | NASA Earth Observatory

Monday, July 16, 2018 0
Satellites Investigate Irrigation in a Stressed Aquifer | NASA Earth Observatory
"The High Plains Aquifer, also known as the Ogallala Aquifer, is under stress. Farmers today have to drill ever deeper wells in order to pump water for irrigation, and one recent study found the aquifer to be under more strain than any other in the United States."

Facts about the depletion of the Ogallala Aquifer:

The industrial-level pumping of water from the aquifer began after World War II.

By 1980, the aquifer's water levels had dropped by at least ten feet in most of the regions that took advantage of it.

Some regions of the High Plains, at that same time, had seen a 100-foot drop in their water level.

These days, the water being pulled out of the aquifer annually is equal to eighteen Colorado Rivers.

The northern end of the Ogallala Aquifer is less affected by the overuse. The southern end is the part of the aquifer that is less likely to recover, as it doesn't receive as much precipitation annually.

Shown below is a map of the Ogallala Aquifer, how long it has been irrigated in different regions, and a link to the full article.

Satellites Investigate Irrigation in a Stressed Aquifer

Using Landsat to track patterns in irrigation may help water managers sketch out a more sustainable future for the Ogallala Aquifer in the central United States.

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe is aiming for the sun | Science News

Saturday, July 07, 2018 0
NASA’s Parker Solar Probe is aiming for the sun | Science News
"NASA’s Parker Solar Probe is about to embark on one daredevil stunt of a space mission.
Slated to launch August 4, the probe will be the first spacecraft to swoop through the sun’s outer atmosphere, or corona, a roiling inferno of plasma heated to several million degrees Celsius.

The solar probe, if all goes well, is set to circle the sun two dozen times during its seven-year mission. It will be orbiting the sun from approximately six million kilometers away and at a speed of around 700,000 kilometers per hour. The Parker Solar Probe will observe the corona and the solar wind created by the sun. Both of which will likely help in learning more about the sun and its atmosphere. The information gathered from this mission will help future space travel.

Along with the probe will be the names of those who filled out a "Send Your Name To The Sun" submission at http://parkersolarprobe.jhuapl.edu/The-Mission/Name-to-Sun/ before the deadline back in April.

NASA's Parker probe is about to get up close and personal with the sun

NASA's Parker Solar Probe is about to embark on one daredevil stunt of a space mission. Slated to launch August 4, the probe will be the first spacecraft to swoop through the sun's outer atmosphere, or corona, a roiling inferno of plasma heated to several million degrees Celsius.

Samuel Tom Holiday, code talker, passes away | Navajo Times

Tuesday, June 12, 2018 0
Samuel Tom Holiday, code talker, passes away | Navajo Times
Samuel Tom Holiday, one of the last surviving Navajo Code Talkers, died Monday evening (June 11) just nine days after his 94th birthday celebration at his home in Tódinéeshzhee'.

Quick Facts:
He was born near the Utah-Arizona border, within Monument Valley.

He was forced to attend a government-run boarding school, like many Native American children were in those days, to attempt to strip them of their cultural identity. Stripping of identities, just as they had done to many who came to this country as immigrants, the indentured, or as slaves

Samuel Tom Holiday enlisted in the Marines in 1943, when he was nineteen years old.

The code talkers consisted of hundreds of Navajo at the height of the operation.

The Navajo Code Talkers used Navajo stories to communicate top secret information, among other tactics. The code was never broken by the Japanese.

For more details about his life and legacy:

Coolest Observatories and Planetariums in the US | Futurism

Tuesday, June 05, 2018 0
Coolest Observatories and Planetariums in the US | Futurism

Coolest Observatories and Planetariums in the US

Looking for something different to do? This list of the coolest observatories and planetariums in the US are sure to spice up a weekend trip.

When is the last time you learned something about the universe? Observatories and planetariums are often overlooked compared to museums, aquariums, zoos, and galleries — and that's a shame

The coolest observatories and planetariums in the US are calling your name. Grab a friend and try out something different this weekend.

Star Gazing Starry Night Astronomy by Free-Photos
While "coolest" may be an overstatement with so many more observatories and planetariums across the nation, the listed observatories and planetariums are still worth visiting when you're traveling. That or if they're close to you, travel-wise.

Planetariums, in comparisons to museums, zoos, and the like tend to be less popular but are a completely new experience. Especially if you've never visited a planetarium before. And, yes, they also make for a great alternative to going to the movies and piquing someone's interest in stargazing.

Things to Do in Shenandoah Valley

Friday, May 25, 2018 0
Things to Do in Shenandoah Valley

Things to Do in Shenandoah Valley

Shenandoah Valley - The Beauty of the Virginias

The beauty of Shenandoah Valley makes this an excellent attraction to visit. It is located within the  geographic and cultural regions of Virginia and West Virginia. The undisturbed natural features of the Shenandoah Valley also makes it a popular place for hikers and people who enjoy places that are off the path and perfect for exploring.

If you're someone who enjoys open areas, farming regions, hiking, forests, and nature then Shenandoah Valley is definitely a must-visit. The region's cities and towns give you the opportunity to experience local culture and more. There are also plenty of historical landmarks to visit. See below for many local websites of places to visit, things to see, and opportunities for unique experiences in the Shenandoah Valley region.

Shenandoah River, aerial
By La Citta Vita (Shenandoah River, aerial) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Shenandoah Valley Region

The Shenandoah Valley region is roughly between the Allegheny and Blue Ridge mountains, extending from the Northeast and to the Southwest for nearly 200 or so miles.

Local Websites - Places to See and Things to Do

Rest in Peace, Art Bell - The End of an Era

Sunday, April 15, 2018 0
Rest in Peace, Art Bell - The End of an Era
I write this as I'm listening to a streaming playing a classic Halloween Ghost to Ghost AM episode from 2003. The first time I heard Art Bell on the radio was in the mid-90s on WHAM in Rochester, New York. His show was the perfect show, for the perfect time, in an era where the paranormal was a little more mainstream and yet still on the fringes.

Back then, the young person that I was, my ability of suspension of disbelief was much easier than now. The topics were fascinating and Art was the perfect voice. Between The X-Files, all of the paranormal shows on TV, the '97 UFO over Phoenix, Heaven's Gate, the landing of the Mars Pathfinder, Hale-Bopp, and the beginning rise of the internet, it was a great time. Not as much in a nostalgia sense as it just being a simpler time in comparison to now. A different time when we were a different people and a somewhat different nation.

Back then, Art Bell's site was my go to. A stop for the latest paranormal, astronomy, and scientific news and similar diverse-yet-easily-blended topics. The internet too was simpler back then. I'd spend days during summer vacation listening for as long as I could to Art Bell's shows and keeping the radio on all night. Complete with the bumper music that he would play that would set the environment for the show. The next morning, i'd catch up on what I missed by visiting his website. I still even remember browsing the VR site for the Mars Pathfinder and keeping up with the news regularly way back in 1997 through his site's links.

Art Bell was a definite influence and a great figure that introduced many of us to a whole different world through his show. These days, my belief in as much of the paranormal isn't the same as it once was. But, as it was in the 90s, as the teenager that I was it was a great source that exposed me to ideas and knowledge that I would have not otherwise known about. 1997 was that year. The year that I also first heard of Michio Kaku. Art Bell was central to the outreach of knowledge to many young people and adults alike back then.

It was an era that has lost its reach now. Paranormal radio is nowhere near what it once was. A combination of repetitive voices, the quicker reach of information, and the growing loss of imaginative thought in our society all play a role. As do many other factors. As I said, Art Bell's radio show in the 90s was the perfect show for the perfect time. The cultural atmosphere was just right and the timing was perfect. There will not ever be anyone that will replace him nor those times.

The passing of Art Bell is a true end of an era and that's not just a figure of speech. It's the full truth. His loss is a massive loss for paranormal radio and paranormal 'infotainment'. As people are posting about him on Twitter and Facebook on social media and sharing their memories of listening to his show. Though he was much more than just a radio voice to millions. He felt like someone closer to a friend or a good neighbor through those airwaves.

He will be greatly missed.

Art Bell Takes His Final Ride, R.I.P.

Another Drone Video

Zuckerberg: Maybe tech should face some regulations | TheHill

Thursday, March 22, 2018
Zuckerberg: Maybe tech should face some regulations | TheHill
Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg said on Wednesday that he’s open to having his company be regulated.
Sure, social media and tech companies should face regulations involving political ads and advertising 'content' created by Political Action Committees. The truth to why this is being pushed now has less to do with regulation to create increasing transparency.

No, it is more about political motivations and, to put it more clearly, dis-empowerment of certain social, political views and demographics in this country. Not from Zuckerberg himself, but from those putting pressure on Facebook and other 'social media' websites to increase politicians' power over free (in terms of free speech) mediums. Deeper down, it is as much about political influence in terms of ads as it is about curbing political expression by notable figures on social media. We've all seen it on YouTube, for example, in how YouTubers on both the left and right have lost advertising revenue and some even videos or even their accounts.

This isn't Washington trying to have their policies catch up to the digital world. No, this is about them slowing down the progression of freedom on the internet. It's mostly about decreasing the influence that ordinary people have and giving preference to (for the lack of a better term) Authorized™ Entertainment Media Personalities. You cannot control the thoughts of ideas of those beholden to no one as opposed to those whose multi-million careers and money flow could dry up overnight if they express the wrong social view.

Just something to think about.

Zuckerberg: Maybe tech should face some regulations | TheHill

Mars rover update: March 21, 2018 | Behind The Black

Thursday, March 22, 2018
Mars rover update: March 21, 2018 | Behind The Black
English: NASA's next Mars rover, Curiosity, dr...
English: NASA's next Mars rover, Curiosity, drives up a ramp during a test at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Polski: Łazik "Curiosity", agencji kosmicznej NASA, wjeżdża na rampę podczas testów zawieszenia w JPL. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Curiosity continues its exploration of Vera Rubin Ridge, including several drilling attempts. Opportunity is halfway down Perseverance Valley.
The Vera Rubin Ridge on Mars is named after Vera Florence Cooper Rubin whose observations of galaxies and stars ultimately provided evidence of the existence of dark matter. She was an astronomer in a career that spanned over multiple titles and multiple colleges, universities, and institutes from 1955 right up until her passing on December 25, 2015.

Read the detailed post at Mars rover update: March 21, 2018 | Behind The Black

Parts of San Francisco are sinking faster than the sea is rising | New Scientist

Saturday, March 10, 2018
Parts of San Francisco are sinking faster than the sea is rising | New Scientist

Rising seas aren’t the only problem facing low-lying coastal areas. Many of these areas are also sinking, vastly increasing the risk of flooding. 
English: The marshes next to Foster City, Cali...
English: The marshes next to Foster City, California, with its name carved into them for the viewing pleasure of those on flights landing at San Francisco International Airport (SFO). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

According the the article at New Scientist, specific areas of the San Francisco Bay Area are sinking at a rate of up 10mm per year.

Areas which include the San Francisco International Airport, the artificial island Treasure Island, and Foster City. Foster City was built upon a marsh and former landfill off San Francisco Bay. So it shouldn't be that much of a surprise why Foster City is sinking. Similarly, much of the San Francisco International Airport was also built on wetlands. Treasure Island shares similarities to Foster City since it was also created from a former landfill. These areas in and around San Francisco are sinking quicker than sea levels are rising.

Read More: Parts of San Francisco are sinking faster than the sea is rising | New Scientist

Teen suicide epidemic: More students have taken their own lives in NE Ohio than anywhere in country

Tuesday, February 27, 2018
Teen suicide epidemic: More students have taken their own lives in NE Ohio than anywhere in country
Teen suicide epidemic: More students have taken their own lives in NE Ohio than anywhere in country 

A tragic topic has dominated our headlines recently: More students
have taken their own lives in Northeast Ohio than in any other community
in America.

Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among young people and every single one is preventable.
watch the video below

Young people in Northeast Ohio shouldn't have to resort to taking their own lives. Sadly, it is not just there where suicide rates are rising. It is all across this nation where the suicide rates of the youth and adults alike are rising.

The reality is that this society is diseased. This society is evil. This society itself, its ways, is what is driving the increase in suicides.

Sure, you can say that social media plays a role. It does. But the problem is the culture of this nation itself. Social media only provides a path for evil to spread its emptiness. This nation's culture is an abyss and it is providing NOTHING for young people and adults alike. Then there are the "treatments" for people feeling depressed, suicidal, or 'feeling down'. The treatments tend to always fall back on pharmaceuticals. Anyone who has paid attention over the past few decades knows about this one and, like everything else negative, it all comes back to profits.

Then there are people that like to say that this 'world', more specifically this society, isn't a dead end. Including a speaker in the video above. In many ways...yes, it is. It is when you, more or less, force people to go along with this society's corruption. So much so that they're unable to see any other path in life. The future feels like nothing to them. They are seeing a perspective of the future being futureless in the worthless, yes worthless, ways of this society. It is why they feel lost. They don't feel free.

They're told that there is hope but they're not shown any brighter light. The American Dream has died. They are just told that the 'struggle' is what allows them to see hope. But what is hope? Hope in a damned society where so much is artificial. Including social interaction.  Even face-to-face interaction. "Hope" itself is to become just another materialist. You wonder why these people feel hopeless? Especially when the only hope they're given is are hardly any better than words written on motivational posters and feel-good pamphlets.

As the Russell Means quote goes, "The United States is a fake country that has no culture."

The way of this nation has always been to strip away true culture and replace it with the false. This "culture" being centered around, for example, shallow entertainment where characters on TV and media, entertainment personalities are passed off as more real and more important than what's around you. Now with the artificiality seeping more deeply into the internet, especially into social media, how in the f*ck are people supposed to feel?  When you realize that so many people around you are go-alongs, materialists and resemble something closer to zombies, how can many not feel that the future is empty?

These people, suicidal people, self-harmers, and those that are depressed, they have hopes, dreams, needs and want to live a full life. They don't want to die. Yet this society is providing them nothing. They have not ever been given the breathing room to live. This nation is providing them with the things that they don't need. Everything provided to them, of materialistic value, is unfulfilling. It is an atrocity that is equal to the evil of every other atrocity committed in this nation's history. And it is just as intentional.

The society that we were thrown into, by birth, is not our society. It is not our place. This is not our nation. This is not the United States of America. Not anymore. That dream was sold and replaced with the artificial long before most of us were born. Read the writing that's on the wall. This society is best left to its own ruin. It is up to you to turn your face, your life, the ways that you live life towards something larger than this world.

Faith requires the shedding of your ego and believing wholeheartedly in goodness and being good. To be an example in this world, to distance yourself from its ways, and to permit yourself to have faith in a power larger than yourself. You are not a being of this world. You are a spiritual being. There is a better way in this world. I won't preach to you because it is up to you to seek it out. In KiNDness. This society doesn't have to feel like a prison. Don't feel bad for not finding a place in a broken society. But don't beat yourself up over it.

Follow your nature of goodness, KiNDness, and don't allow this world to tear you down. Seek out those like yourself instead of dulling yourself out to become like every other soul-less being out there. There are still good people out there, everywhere. Seek them out and pull away from the corrupt culture of this nation.

Pawnee - The Star People

Friday, February 02, 2018
Pawnee - The Star People
Many of us have heard about the new-age tales of "star people". These star people, a opportunistic, new-age marketer belief, were a creation of Brad Steiger back in the 1970s. His 'creation' was built on ideas lifted from Native American beliefs. Steiger's beliefs are that some people have an extraterrestrial spirit. A spirit which grants them the ability to see other worlds, communicate directly with these other beings and are ideas based in ego. His and others commercial writings, and more modern definitions of star people, star seeds, indigo, crystal, rainbow people, and the like represent nothing of actual Native American beliefs.
more on that here

Anyways, on to the subject.

The original star people were the Pawnee. Though some tribes held similar beliefs in later times. The Pawnee saw their ultimate home as being amongst the stars. The Pawnee used the stars as guides. From these ideas they began to build their dwellings in the shape of domes. Which was a reference to the sky. The placement of their dwellings were also aligned with stars in the sky. The centers of their dwellings were held up with poles that were marked white, yellow, red, and black as colors of the stars. White stood for Sirius, yellow for Capella, red for Antares, and black for Vega. These stars are the Four Direction Stars.

Another important star was the Great Chief Star. Which, to us, is known as Polaris or the North Star. The passing of certain stars were important to Pawnee ceremonies, festivals, and spirituality. The Pleiades and other star formations were important to them and their planting ceremonies. One of the most symbolic group of stars to the Pawnee were the Swimming Ducks. They were two bright stars that made up the tail and stinger of the constellation of Scorpio, Lambda Scorpii, and Upsilon Scorpii. When they were seen before sunrise, in the southeastern sky, the Pawnee saw them as a sign of spring and a time to prepare for their spring ceremonies. Ceremonies that took place around the time when the first thunders of the seasons were heard.

M45 Pleiades Stromar
By Boris.stromar (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

The Milky Way also held importance in the spiritual beliefs of the Pawnee. They saw it as the soul pathway of the deceased. The region above the Milky Way, where there are no stars, is where the Pawnee believed that the spirits of the deceased returned to take their place amongst the stars. They also believed that the Milky Way was divided. One part was for those that died of natural causes and other part for those that died before for their time. Which also included death in battle. The stars of the east are, in Pawnee spirituality, male stars. Within the eastern stars is a red star, the Morning Star, which is Mars. It is seen as the greatest among the eastern stars. The stars of the west are female stars and the most important amongst them is the Evening Star, which is Venus. Another star, the Wolf Star, is representative of the wolf coming and going from the spirit world. The wolf running down the Milky Way is where the Milky Way gets its name in Pawnee belief, the Wolf Road.

Sarah Franklin Bache

Saturday, January 13, 2018
Sarah Franklin Bache

Sarah Franklin Bache

Sarah Franklin Bache1793
Sarah Franklin Bache
 by John Hoppner in 1793 [Public domain],
via Wikimedia Commons
Born: September 11, 1743, Philadelphia
Died: October 5, 1808, Philadelphia

Sarah Franklin Bache was the only surviving child of Deborah Read and Benjamin Franklin. Yes, that Benjamin Franklin, the founding father. She had an older step-brother, William Franklin, who was Benjamin Franklin's illegitimate son. He was raised as Benjamin and Deborah's son from infancy. Much of her knowledge, political knowledge, she had learned from her father. She was also said to have been a skilled harpsichord player.

Some of this knowledge aided her in her work during the American Revolutionary War. After the passing of her mother, in 1774, she took on the position of political hostess when her father returned, in 1775, from a diplomatic mission in France. Much of the work that she was involved in consisted of relief work. Which also included raising money for the Continental Army. She was also involved with the Ladies Association of Philadelphia. As a leader of the group, they made 2,200 shirts for the Continental Army, for soldiers at Valley Forge during the winter.

Prior to the war, she married Richard Bache on October 29, 1767. She did so despite the concerns of her parents about his financial standing and abilities to support her. They had eight children altogether.

After her father died in 1790, he left most of his estate to her. In 1807 she was diagnosed with cancer and died from the disease in 1808.

The Women of the American Revolution